Saturday, July 26, 2008

7/26/08 Substitutions

I never have the right ingredients. I also try to cook a bit more healthy than what some recipes call for. For instance, I may use applesauce instead of oil for baking a cake. Below are some substitutes that I tend to use. You can find a good list of these from the Land O' Lakes and Budget 101 links I have posted in my Welcome Page.



Substitutes:

Broth, Beef or Chicken
Substitute 1 cup boiling water and 1 teaspoon instant bouillon granules (or 1 bouillon cube) for 1 cup broth

Breadcrumbs Substitute
3 to 4 slices oven-dried bread crushed for 1 cup breadcumbs.

Substitute 3/4 cup cracker crumbs for 1 cup breadcrumbs.

Substitute 1 1/4 cups croutons or stuffing cubes, crushed for 1 cup breadcrumbs.

Rolled oats or crushed brand cereal


Butter and Oil
Substitute equal amounts melted butter or margarine for vegetable oil.

Applesauce or prune puree of equal amounts for butter and oil.

May also sub. 2/3 amounts applesauce in place of the fat.

Substitute unsalted butter for salted butter in any recipe. It is NOT necessary to add salt.

Substitute whipped butter, based on weight, not volume for stick butter.

Substitute stick margarine made from canola oil in most baking applications except in pastry recipes. Using margarine will produce a softer dough than one made with butter, and may not have the same flavor as butter.


Buttermilk
Substitute 1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice plus enough milk to equal 1 cup for 1 cup of buttermilk. Let stand 5 minutes.

Substitute 1/2 cup plain yogurt plus 1/2 cup milk for 1 cup buttermilk.

Cream (40% fat) (Heavy Whipping Cream not for whipping)

Substitute 1/3 cup melted butter and 2/3 cup whole milk for 1 cup whipping cream.

Two tablespoons flour whisked into two cups non fat milk

Cream, Half & Half
Substitute 3/4 cup whole milk and 1/4 cup whipping cream for 1 cup half & half.

Substitute 1 tablespoon melted butter and enough milk to equal 1 cup for 1 cup half & half.

Eggs
Substitute 1/4 cup refrigerated egg product for 1 whole egg or two egg whites for 1 whole egg.

Herbs
Substitute 1 teaspoon dried herbs for 1 tablespoon fresh herbs.

Sour Cream
Substitute 1 cup plain yogurt for 1 cup sour cream.

Sugar, Granulated
Substitute 1 cup firmly packed brown sugar for 1 cup granulated sugar. (Flavor will be affected somewhat.)

Whipping Cream
Substitute 1/3 cup melted butter and2/3 cup whole milk for 1 cup whipping cream.

White Flour
Whole-wheat flour for half of the called-for all-purpose flour

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